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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and gender differences for burnout, health, personality, and work stress

From: An exploration of job stress and health in the Norwegian police service: a cross sectional study

  Females Males  
  mean SD mean SD p
Burnout      
Emotional exhaustion (MBI)a 2.14 0.64 2.25 0.70 **
Depersonalization (MBI)a 2.12 0.68 2.26 0.76 ***
Personal accomplishment (MBI)a 2.48 0.42 2.42 0.41 **
Health      
Anxiety subscale (HADS)b 4.2 2.9 3.7 2.9 **
Depression subscale (HADS)b 2.4 2.5 3.1 2.9 ***
Subjective Health Complaint 4.27 3.84 3.87 4.3 *
Personality      
Neuroticism (BCI)c 3.56 2.26 2.34 2.03 ***
Extroversion (BCI)c 5.91 2.28 5.11 2.4 ***
Control/compulsiveness (BCI)c 4.46 2.2 4.32 2.12 Ns
Reality weakness (BCI)c 1.38 1.7 1.19 1.51 *
Job stress      
Severity      
Job Pressure 4.8 1.0 4.7 1.1 Ns
Lack of Support 5.4 1.2 5.2 1.2 *
Serious Operational Tasks 5.7 1.2 5.5 1.2 ***
Work Injuries 6.8 1.4 6.3 1.5 ***
Frequency      
Job Pressure 3.8 2.3 4.2 2.2 ***
Lack of Support 1.7 1.5 2.1 1.7 ***
Serious Operational Tasks 2.5 2.0 2.7 2.1 *
Work Injuries 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 ***
  1. Note. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. a MBI – Maslach Burnout Inventory
  3. b HADS – Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  4. c BCI – Basic Character Inventory