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Table 3 Group differences between police and Norwegian physicians. Physicians: Subjective health complaints (N = 6,652); Personality (N = 896); Burnout (N = 1,082)

From: An exploration of job stress and health in the Norwegian police service: a cross sectional study

   Police Physicians  
Females   mean SD mean SD p
  Subjective Health Complaints 4.27 (3.84) 2.76 (2.89) ***
  (BCI)c neuroticism 3.56 (2.26) 4.00 (2.22) *
  (BCI)c extroversion 5.91 (2.28) 5.51 (2.66) *
  (BCI)c control/compulsiveness 4.46 (2.20) 3.37 (2.14) ***
  (BCI)c reality weakness 1.38 (1.70) 0.98 (1.40) **
  (MBI)a emotional exhaustion 2.15 (0.64) 2.64 (0.86) ***
  (MBI)a depersonalization 2.13 (0.68) 1.80 (0.60) ***
  (MBI)a personal accomplishment 2.48 (0.42) 2.52 (0.46) *
Males       
  Subjective Health Complaints 3.87 (4.30) 2.00 (2.32) ***
  (BCI)c neuroticism 2.34 (2.03) 2.83 (2.10) ***
  (BCI)c extroversion 5.11 (2.40) 4.89 (2.50) *
  (BCI)c control/compulsiveness 4.32 (2.12) 3.51 (2.05) ***
  (BCI)c reality weakness 1.19 (1.52) 0.91 (1.23) ***
  (MBI)a emotional exhaustion 2.25 (0.69) 2.56 (0.81) ***
  (MBI)a depersonalization 2.26 (0.76) 1.88 (0.64) ***
  (MBI)a personal accomplishment 2.42 (0.41) 2.41 (0.44) Ns
  1. Note. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. a MBI – Maslach Burnout Inventory
  3. c BCI – Basic Character Inventory