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Table 5 Associations between physical and mental health in police. Adjusted model controlled for age, gender, personality, and the other health variables.

From: An exploration of job stress and health in the Norwegian police service: a cross sectional study

Predictors
  Job Pressure – Frequency Lack of Support – Frequency Serious Operational Tasks – Frequency Work Injuries – Frequency
  OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
(HADS)b Anxiety 1.6** (1.2 – 2.1) 1.5** (1.1 – 2.1) 0.9 (0.7 – 1.2) 1.0 (0.7 – 1.3)
(HADS)b Depression 0.9 (0.6 – 1.2) 1.5* (1.1 – 2.2) 1.0 (0.7 – 1.5) 1.4* (1.0 – 1.9)
Subjective Health Complaints 1.4*** (1.2 – 1.7) 1.4*** (1.2 – 1.7) 1.0 (0.8 – 1.2) 1.2* (1.0 – 1.4)
(MBI)a emotional exhaustion 1.9*** (1.6 – 2.2) 2.0*** (1.7 – 2.7) 1.3** (1.0 – 1.5) 1.1 (0.9 – 1.4)
(MBI)a depersonalization 1.3** (1.1 – 1.5) 1.3** (1.1 – 1.5) 1.8*** (1.5 – 2.2) 1.3** (1.1 – 1.6)
(MBI)a personal accomplishment 0.6*** (0.6 – 0.7) 0.8* (0.7 – 1.0) 0.7*** (0.6 – 0.8) 0.7*** (0.7 – 0.9)
Suicidal ideation 1.1 (0.8 – 1.6) 1.4 (1.0 – 2.0) 1.0 (0.7 – 1.4) 1.0 (0.7 – 1.4)
  Job Pressure – Severity Lack of Support – Severity Serious Operational Tasks – Severity Work Injuries – Severity
  OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
(HADS)b Anxiety 2.0*** (1.5 – 2.7) 1.2 (0.9 – 1.7) 1.7*** (1.2 – 2.3) 1.0 (0.8 – 1.4)
(HADS)b Depression 1.0 (0.7 – 1.4) 1.3 (0.9 – 1.99 0.8 (0.5 – 1.1) 1.1 (0.8 – 1.5)
Subjective Health Complaints 1.1 (1.0 – 1.3) 1.4*** (1.2 – 1.7) 1.0 (0.9 – 1.2) 0.9 (0.8 – 1.1)
(MBI)a emotional exhaustion 2.1*** (1.8 – 2.5) 1.8*** (1.5 – 2.2) 1.3** (1.1 – 1.6) 1.4*** (1.1 – 1.6)
(MBI)a depersonalization 0.9 (0.8 – 1.1) 0.9 (0.8 – 1.1) 1.0 (0.9 – 1.2) 0.9 (0.8 – 1.1)
(MBI)a personal accomplishment 1.3*** (1.1 – 1.6) 1.1 (0.9 – 1.2) 1.6*** (1.3 – 1.8) 1.1 (0.9 – 1.3)
Suicidal ideation 0.8 (0.6 – 1.19 1.3 (0.9 – 1.7) 1.2 (0.9 – 1.7) 1.3 (0.9 – 1.7)
  1. Note. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. a MBI – Maslach Burnout Inventory
  3. b HADS – Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale