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Table 1 Summary of articles about safety assessment of hand disinfectants and mouthwashes

From: Safety evaluation of topical applications of ethanol on the skin and inside the oral cavity

Outcome of the study Studies with no obvious industry sponsorship or participation Studies with co-authors from industry or studies with declared industry financing
Positive outcome ("ethanol is safe", "no link between mouthwash use and oral cancer", "unlikely that mouthwashes increase risk of developing oropharyngeal cancer") [150] [1, 4, 5, 135, 146148]
Negative or cautious outcome ("relationship between mouthwash use and oropharyngeal cancer", "conflicting findings in the literature", "mouthwashes probably irritate the oral mucosa", "further research needed") [127, 137139, 149]