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Table 3 Comparison of the Accident Insurance Systems in the Countries of Northeastern, Central Eastern, Southeastern and Eastern Europe* Non-EU-Members

From: Social care and changes in occupational accidents and diseases - the situation in Eastern Europe in general and for skin diseases in particular

Non-EU Members Employment injuries and occupational diseases Field of application Special features Minimum level of invalidity
Partial and full invalidity
Albania Independent component of the compulsory social insurance system All employees; trainees, students, self-employed; voluntary insurance possible Practical problems, as system is being developed. Employees often fail to pay the contributions.
No cumulation with other pensions.
Professional rehabilitation
Partial invalidity: 10%-33% compensation
33%-66% partial pension
Full invalidity: from 67%
Belarus Independent component of the compulsory social insurance system All employees;
prisoners who work in prison;
Excluded: self-employed; Special social insurance for artists, teachers, sportsmen, medical care employees, in public organisations, victims of
Tschernobyl.
21% of workplaces in the country are inadequately insured. Partial invalidity: Group III
Full invalidity: 100%
3 Groups: Group I: 100% occupational invalidity plus necessity of treatment; Group II: 100% occupational invalidity; Group III: partial invalidity
Bosnia-Herzegovina Independent component of compulsory social insurance system. All employees; self-employed, farmers, employees of religious institutions No cumulation with other pensions.
Special regulations for Republic Srpska and Brcko District.
Partial invalidity: from 20%
Full invalidity: from 100%
Croatia No independent insurance.
Risks are covered by sickness, invalidity and dependent insurance.
All employees Professional rehabilitation, if occupational invalidity at least 50% and aged under 50 Partial invalidity: n.s.
Full invalidity: from 51%
Macedonia No independent insurance
Risks are covered by sickness, invalidity and dependent insurance?
n.s. Because of the lack of financial, institutional and personal resources, the social insurance system is not yet capable of providing functional services. Since 2000 WHO Collaborating Center Skopje: "Specific occupational risks in health care workers- infectious and psychosocial hazards" Partial invalidity: Group I and II.
Full invalidity: 100%
3 Groups: I: Occupational validity can be restored. II: Partial occupational invalidity; III: Complete occupational invalidity
Rep. of Moldavia No independent insurance?
Risks are covered by sickness, invalidity and dependent insurance?
All employees, members of cooperatives, students, trainees, self-employed. Voluntary insurance possible n.s. Partial invalidity: Group III
Full invalidity: 100%
3 Groups: Group I: Occupational invalidity for all areas of work plus nursing care from third parties; Group II: Occupational invalidity for all areas of work; Group III: Partial invalidity
Montenegro In development.   Articles 15 and 16 of the Law on Health Care define actions to be taken to protect health at the place of work.
Declaration of independence 2006.
Restructuring in all areas.
n.s.
Serbia No independent insurance
Risks are covered by sickness, invalidity and dependent insurance
All employees;
Self-employed, cooperative members, farmers, artists.
Voluntary insurance possible.
Special system for members of the armed forces.
Invalidity pension was only introduced in 2008.
Declaraton of independence of Kosovo in 02/2008.
Partial invalidity: from 30%
Full invalidity: n.s.
Eight different invalidity grades
Turkey No independent insurance
Risks are covered by sickness, invalidity and dependent insurance?
All employees, trainees, students, prisoners who work in prison.
Special regulations for civil servants, self-employed and farmers. Excluded: part time domestic servants
2004, 9.58% had no social insurance. High additional payment for drugs Partial invalidity: from 10-25%: compensation
Full invalidity: 2/3 = 66%
Ukraine Individual component of the compulsory social insurance system All employees; Voluntary insurance possible. Special services for victims of Tschernobyl. n.s. Partial invalidity: Group III
Full invalidity: 100%
3 Groups: Group I: 100% occupational invalidity plus necessity of treatment; Group II: 100% occupational invalidity; Group III: Partial invalidity
  1. The information is essentially based on "MISSOC and MISSCEEC Studies on the social protection systems" of the European Union, the SSW Database (ISSA) (see Additional file 1) and personal information from the corresponding national authorities.
  2. n.s. not specified