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Table 3 Back disorders of nursing staff, by care setting

From: Back disorders and lumbar load in nursing staff in geriatric care: a comparison of home-based care and nursing homes

  Nursing homes n = 1126 % Home care n = 264 % p-value 1
Back pain on the examination day2    
- in the lumbar spine 18 16 n.s.
- in the cervical spine 11 4 <0.001
Pain intensity in the lumbar spine in the last 4 weeks3    
- none to mild 55 56  
- moderate 24 24  
- intense to very intense 21 20 ns
Pain intensity in the cervical spine in the last 4 weeks3    
- none to mild 57 63  
- moderate 25 23  
- intense to very intense 18 14 <0.05
Disorders in the lumbar spine    
Schober reclination (≥ 10 cm) 10 3 <0.01
Schober inclination (< 13 cm) 31 22 <0.01
Inclination painful 11 5 <0.01
Reclination painful 11 8 ns
Kemp sign positive 17 9 <0.001
Painful arc 6 5 ns
Climbing up the legs 5 2 <0.05
Percussion painful 11 7 <0.01
Pain in heel-fall test 5 5 ns
Lateral inclination painful4 18 11 <0.01
Pain during the straight leg raise test4 32 13 <0.001
Lasèque sign4 2 1 ns
Heel to buttocks distance (> 29 cm)4 4 5 ns
Pain during the heel to buttocks distance4 26 13 <0.001
Pain on stretching the femur4 7 2 <0.01
Disorders in the cervical spine    
Lateral inclination/flexion or extension painful 16 11 <0.01
Ott index (≤31 cm) 27 24 ns
Percussion painful 6 3 <0.05
Pain in heel-fall test <1 1 ns
  1. 1 ns = non-significant.
  2. 2 Taken from the medical history.
  3. 3 Taken from the questionnaire (self-reported data).
  4. 4 Findings on the right and/or left leg.