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Table 2 Adjusted Odds Ratios for Intense Psychosocial Stress and for High Demoralization Values

From: Psychosocial stress, demoralization and the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and medical drugs by veterinarians

Intense Psychosocial Stress Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
Age ≤ 34 years 8.6 2.1 (0.8–4.8) 1.7 (0.6–4.8)
  35 – 44 years 8.6 2.1 (0.9–4.3) 2.3 (1.0–5.0)
  45 – 54 years 10.8 2.7 (1,2–5.8) 3.2 (1.4–7.2)
  ≥ 55 years 4.4 1 1
Professional Work Non-clinical area of work1 1.4 1 1
  Practice owner 11.2 9.0 (3.2–25.1) 5.8 (2.0–16.7)
  Employee in practice 10.5 8.4 (2.9–24.5) 7.4 (2.4–22.9)
Working Hours ≤ 20 h per week 4.2 2.8 (0.6–12.8) 2.4 (0.5–10.9)
  21–40 h per week 1.5 1 1
  41–60 h per week 7.5 5.2 (1.9–14.7) 5.2 (1.8–14.6)
  ≥ 60 h per week 24.7 21.0 (7.3–60.3) 16.4 (5.7–47.8)
High Demoralization Values Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
Working Hours ≤ 20 h per week 11.1 2.2 (0.8–5.5) 1.8 (0.7–4.7)
  21–40 h per week 5.4 1 1
  41–60 h per week 5.2 1.0 (0,5–1.9) 0.5 (0.2–1.0)
  ≥ 60 h per week 5.8 1.1 (0.5–2.6) 0.3 (0.1–0.7)
Psychosocial Stress Low (1–18 points) 2.4 1 1
  Intermediate (19–36 points) 5.7 2.5 (1.2–4.9) 3.3 (1.6–6.8)
  Intense (37–53 points) 25.0 13.5 (6.4–28.6) 24.8 (10.5–58.4)
  1. * Gender and Working Years had no effect.
  2. ** Gender, Age, Professional Work, Working Years had no effect.
  3. 1Department of Veterinary Services, Animal Feed, Nutrition or Pharmaceutical Industry, Official Ante- and Post-mortem Meat Inspection, University