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Table 3 Adjusted Odds Ratios for the Outcome Measures for the Consumption of Alcoholic Drinks

From: Psychosocial stress, demoralization and the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and medical drugs by veterinarians

High-risk Alcohol Consumption Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
Gender Male 30.3 1 1
  Female 33.3 1.2 (0.9–1.5) 1.3 (1.0–1.7)
Professional work Non-clinical area of work1 29.1 1 1
  Practice Owner 36.5 1.4 (1.0–1.9) 1.4 (1.1–2.0)
  Employee in a Practice 25.1 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.8 (0.5–1.1)
Regular Binge Drinking Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR** (95% CI)
Gender Male 11.8 5.2 (2.9–9.5) 5.1 (2.8–9.3)
  Female 2.5 1 1
Psychosocial Stress Low (1–18 points) 6.0 1 1
  Intermediate (19–36 points) 6.6 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 1.0 (0.6–1.8)
  Intense (37–53 points) 13.6 2.5 (1.2–5.0) 2.2 (1.1–4.5)
Problem Drinking (CAGE ≥ 2) Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR*** (95% CI)
Professional Work Non-clinical area of work1 11.3 1 1
  Practice owner 17.0 1.6 (1.1–2.5) 1.7 (1.1–2.5)
  Employee in a practice 6.3 0.5 (0.3–1.0) 0.5 (0.3–0.9)
Demoralization Low (0–8 points) 10.5 1 1
  Intermediate (9–16 points) 14.9 1.5 (1.0–2.2) 1.6 (1.1–2.4)
  High (17–34 points) 26.2 3.0 (1.6–5.7) 3.4 (1.8–6.5)
  1. * Age, working hours, psychosocial stress and demoralization had no effect.
  2. ** Age, professional work, working hours, working years and demoralization had no effect.
  3. *** Gender, age, working hours, working years and psychosocial stress had no effect.
  4. 1Department of Veterinary Services, Animal Feed, Nutrition or Pharmaceutical Industry, Official Ante-and Post-mortem Meat Inspection, University.