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Table 4 Adjusted Odds Ratios for Regular Drug Use

From: Psychosocial stress, demoralization and the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and medical drugs by veterinarians

Regular Use Variables in the Model % Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR* (95% CI)
Gender Male 16.0 1 1
  Female 23.2 1.6 (1.2–2.2) 1.4 (1.0–2.0)
Professional Work Non-clinical area of work1 15.4 1 1
  Practice owner 18.5 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 1.2 (0.8–1.7)
  Employee in a practice 28.0 2.1 (1.4–3.3) 1.6 (1.0–2.6)
Psychosocial Stress Low (1–18 points) 14.4 1 1
  Intermediate (19–36 points) 22.8 1.8 (1.3–2.4) 1.4 (0.9–2.0)
  Intense (37–53 points) 34.1 3.1 (1.8–5.1) 1.9 (1.1–3.4)
Demoralization Low (0–8 points) 13.4 1 1
  Intermediate (9–16 points) 27.1 2.4 (1.7–3.3) 2.0 (1.4–2.8)
  High (17–34 points) 37.7 3.9 (2.2–6.9) 2.9 (1.6–5.3)
  1. * Age, working hours, working years had no effect.
  2. 1Department of Veterinary Services, Animal Feed, Nutrition or Pharmaceutical Industry, Official Ante-and Post-mortem Meat Inspection, University.