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Table 2 Prevalence of perceived musculoskeletal discomfort in nine different body parts

From: Work-related musculoskeletal discomfort of dairy farmers and employed workers

Body part Dairy Farmers Employed Dairy Farm Workers
  Male and female (n = 66) Male (n = 41) Female (n = 25) Male and female (n = 37) Male (n = 19) Female (n = 18)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Neck 22 (33) 10 (24) 12 (48) [b1] 11 (30) 1 (5) 10 (56) [b2]
Shoulders 31 (47) 16 (39) 15 (60) 16 (43) 6 (32) 10 (56)
Elbows 15 (23) [a1] 8 (20) 7 (28) 2 (5) 1 (5) 1 (6)
Hands/Wrists 15 (23) 4 (10) 11 (44) [b2] 15 (41) 4 (21) 11 (61) [b1]
Upper back 10 (15)* 5 (12)* 5 (20) 8 (22) 1 (5) 7 (39) [b1]
Lower back 33 (50) 18 (44) 15 (60) 16 (43) 5 (26) 11 (61) [b1]
Hips 8 (12) 6 (15) 2 (8) 3 (8) 0 (0) 3 (17)
Knees 14 (21) 8 (20) 6 (24) 8 (22) 4 (21) 4 (22)
Feet 14 (21) [a1] 6 (15) 8 (32) 2 (5) 0 (0) 2 (11)
‘In any body part’ 56 (85) 34 (80) 22 (88) 28 (76) 12 (63) 16 (89)
  1. Descriptive values [number (n), percent (%) and significance] are listed according to employment and gender.
  2. [a] Denotes significant difference between farmers and workers.
  3. [b] Denotes significant difference between males and females within the employment groups (farmers and workers).
  4. 1) Denotes significance level p < 0.05; 2) denotes significance level p < 0.001.
  5. * One missing value.