Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Examples of reported incidents/intoxications with fumigants on bulk cargo ships

From: Health risks in international container and bulk cargo transport due to volatile toxic compounds

Date Location Fumigant No. of subjects Reference/source
Affected Fatalities
September 1978 Bulk grain freighter, East coast Canada/USA PH3 311) 21) [46] (PubMed)
1988-1996 Danish bulk carriers PH3 2 12) [45] (PubMed)
Unknown pesticide 4 32)
October 2007 General cargo ship, Russia – UK PH3 1 1 MAIB Accident Flyer 1/2008
2010 General cargo ship, Latvia – Antwerp PH3 2 1 Gard News 204 Nov 2011/Jan 2012 http://www.gard.no/
2010 Bulk carrier US East coast PH3 16 0
2009 General cargo ship, Lagos, Nigeria PH3 63) 13)
2000 Bulk carrier US West coast PH3 12 0
1997 Geared bulker Brazil – Ireland PH3 5 0
  1. 1)2 children.
  2. 2)4 stowaways.
  3. 3)6 stowaways.
  4. See Table in Additional file 2 for additional cases investigated in detail (Incidents with fumigants/or toxic industrial chemicals. Intoxication cases from 1993–2013).