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Table 2 Accepted biomarkers of exposure in the rubber industry

From: The rubber manufacturing industry: a case report and review of cutaneous exposure and sequelae

Chemical Biomarker
Asbestos Lung x-rays and pulmonary function testing; others in development
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Urine 1-hydroxypyrene
Benzene Urine s-phenylmercapturic acid; urine t,t-muconic acid