Skip to main content

Table 2 Determinants of physician visits in the past three months. Results of FE poisson regressions

From: Leadership position and physician visits – results of a nationally representative longitudinal study in Germany

Independent variables (1) (2) (3) (4)
Doctor visits – Total sample Doctor visits - Men Doctor visits - Women Doctor visits – with interaction
Age (in years) −0.01 − 0.00 − 0.04* − 0.02
(0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01)
Other marital statuses (Ref.: Married, living together with spouse) −0.15 − 0.02 − 0.40* − 0.16
(0.14) (0.19) (0.16) (0.14)
Self-rated health (from ‘very good’ to ‘bad’) 0.52*** 0.55*** 0.43*** 0.51***
(0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.05)
Number of chronic diseases 0.16** 0.14+ 0.22+ 0.17**
(0.06) (0.07) (0.12) (0.06)
Neuroticism (higher values indicate higher neuroticsm) 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01
(0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01)
Extraversion (higher values indicate higher extraversion) −0.02 −0.01 −0.03 −0.01
(0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02)
Openness to experience (higher values indicate higher openness) −0.00 0.01 −0.01 −0.00
(0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01)
Agreeableness (higher values indicate higher agreeableness) −0.01 0.00 −0.04 − 0.01
(0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02)
Conscientiousness (higher values indicate higher conscientiousness) 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
(0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02)
Leadership position: - Middle management (Ref.: Top Management) 0.14 0.22 −0.03 0.23
(0.16) (0.20) (0.28) (0.20)
- Lower management 0.15 0.41+ −0.36 0.43*
(0.16) (0.22) (0.23) (0.21)
- Highly qualified specialist position 0.25 0.47* −0.24 0.49*
(0.18) (0.22) (0.31) (0.21)
Gender (Ref.: male) x Middle management     −0.32
    (0.34)
Gender (Ref.: male) x Lower management     −0.83**
    (0.31)
Gender (Ref.: male) Highly qualified specialist position     −0.78*
    (0.38)
Observations 2140 1476 664 2140
Number of Individuals 1070 738 332 1070
  1. First column: total sample; second column: men; third column: women; fourth column: total sample, with interaction term gender x leadership position; Poisson coefficients were reported; cluster-robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05; + p < 0.10