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Table 3 Efficiency of removing S. aureus from outer shell fabrics

From: Survival of Staphylococcus aureus on the outer shell of fire fighter turnout gear after sanitation in a commercial washer/extractor

Duration of vortexing in water or sanitizer Swatch type % viable cells recovered in water washed swatch /aSD % viable cells recovered in sanitizer washed swatch % PCR products recovered in water washed swatch /aSD % PCR products recovered in sanitizer washed swatch /aSD
10 Seconds Gemini™ 1.5 /1.2 0 13.6 /13.0 6.5 /4.2
Advance™ 3.0 /1.2 0 0.9 /0.9 10.4 /13.9
Pioneer™ 29 /6.3 0 8.3 /6.6 18 /27
Cotton 41.7 /14.8 0 1.4 /bND 6.6 /7.2
10 Minutes Gemini™ 11.7 /7.3 0 1.7 /1.7 0.5 /0.8
Advance™ 20.4 /21.3 0 1 /1.2 1.9 /1.6
Pioneer™ 11 /1.8 0 10.2 /4.8 4.3 /3.4
Cotton 85.6 /15.6 0 3.9 /5.0 0.8 /0.4
  1. Gemini™ experiments repeated 4 times with 3 replicate swatches each
  2. Advance™ experiments repeated 2 times with 3 replicate swatches each
  3. Pioneer™ experiment performed 1 time with 3 replicate swatches
  4. Cotton experiment performed 1 time with 3 replicate swatches
  5. aSD standard deviation
  6. bND not determined as two of the three replicate swatches were below detection