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Table 2 Back pain in all participants of the occupational health check-up (2011–2014) and stratified by occupational status (n = 16,792)

From: Prevalence of back pain in employees of a German chemical company: results of a large cross-sectional study

  Total (n = 16,792) Manual workers (n = 5571) Skilled/supervisory workers (n = 7690) Managerial staff (n = 3531)
% % % %
Ever experienced back pain
 No 27.5 28.0 25.6 30.9
 Yes 72.5 72.0 74.4 69.1
Ever been hospitalized due to back pain
 No 92.1 90.1 92.8 93.9
 Yes 7.7 9.7 7.0 6.1
Ever acquired a spinal injury due to an accident
 No 95.9 96.1 95.3 96.9
 Yes 3.7 3.5 4.3 2.8
Ever changed job or duties due to back pain
 No 98.6 97.6 98.8 99.6
 Yes 1.3 2.2 1.0 0.4
Duration of back pain during the last 12 months
 0 days 33.9 33.6 31.1 40.8
 1–7 days 25.0 23.6 24.9 27.5
 8–30 days 21.7 21.9 22.6 19.3
 More than 30 days, but not every day 15.8 17.4 17.5 9.8
 Every day 3.6 3.7 4.0 2.7
Reduced ability to undertake work activities (at home or at the workplace) during the last 12 months due to back pain
 No 84.8 79.6 84.8 93.1
 Yes 14.5 19.5 14.7 6.2
Reduced ability to undertake leisure activities during the last 12 months due to back pain
 No 73.1 70.3 72.0 79.8
 Yes 25.4 27.0 26.9 19.3
Duration that back pain prevented from undertaking normal work activities (at home or at the workplace) during the last 12 months
 0 days 66.6 60.0 65.4 79.7
 1–7 days 16.7 17.8 17.4 13.3
 8–30 days 10.3 13.4 10.7 4.5
 More than 30 days 6.5 8.9 6.5 2.6
Ever visited a medical professional (doctor, physiotherapist, chiropractor or other such person) due to back pain
 No 55.2 54.3 53.4 60.8
 Yes 44.2 45.3 46.1 38.5
Experienced back pain in the last 7 days
 No 72.2 73.3 69.0 77.4
 Yes 27.1 26.3 30.1 21.8
History of spondylopathy (ICD-10: M45-M49)
 No 98.5 98.2 98.3 99.3
 Yes 1.5 1.8 1.7 0.7
History of other dorsopathy (ICD-10: M50-M53) excluding back pain
 No 81.4 74.5 81.7 91.5
 Yes 18.6 25.5 18.3 8.6
  1. All percentages depicted in the table are column percentages. Relative frequencies of missing values have been omitted in the table