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Table 3 Emotion-oriented coping strategies

From: “I need to take care of myself”: a qualitative study on coping strategies, support and health promotion for social workers serving refugees and homeless individuals

Social relations
• Seeking emotional support from family and friends
• Seeking emotional support from colleagues
Engagement in leisure activities
• Engaging in sports/physical activity
• Meeting friends
• Spending time outside in nature
• Engaging in creative hobbies
• Using media (TV, computer)
• Childcare
• Travelling
Acceptance and focus
• Withstanding negative experiences
• Focusing on positive experiences
Self-care and mindfulness
• Reporting sick when feeling ill
• Knowing one’s own limits
• Using relaxation techniques
• Taking concrete actions for self-care (nutrition, breaks)
Distance to work
• Distancing oneself from work, especially from clients‘problems
• Not taking failures personally
• Creating awareness regarding clients’ self-responsibility
• Alcohol consumption