Skip to main content

Table 1 Standardized tasks for the fields of specialization: The group of general dentists and the control group of students execute the same tasks. All tasks in the four dental quadrants will be executed on each of the four treatment concepts

From: SOPEZ: study for the optimization of ergonomics in the dental practice - musculoskeletal disorders in dentists and dental assistants: a study protocol

  Task Quadrant 1 Quadrant 2 Quadrant 3 Quadrant 4
General Dentistry/Students   Tooth filling of tooth 16 Preparation of tooth 26 for crown uptake Root canal treatment on tooth 35 Tartar removal in the 4th quadrant
1 prepare tooth cavity with a cylindrical diamond bur and the use of wedges Occlusal reduction using an occlusal reducer Performing an entrance cavity and trepanation on tooth 35 using a diamond-coated cylinder Removal of supra- and subgingival tartar/calculus using scalers an curettes
2 Create a Tofflemire die using a die clamp chamfer preparation using a torpedo-shaped diamond burand approximal reducer Find the channel entrance using an endo file  
3 Tooth filling with ketac® while using a ketac®-set and a cougar/heidemann   Manual preparation of the canal using an ISO 20-40 endo file with regular irrigation using a irrigation cannula  
Endodontology   Root canal treatment of tooth 16 Root canal treatment of tooth 26 Root canal treatment of tooth 36 Root canal treatment of tooth 46
1 Application of the rubber dam Application of the rubber dam Application of the rubber dam Application of the rubber dam
2 Trepanation of the tooth and access preparation including the enlarging of the root canal entrance Trepanation of the tooth and access preparation including the enlarging of the root canal entrance Trepanation of the tooth and access preparation including the enlarging of the root canal entrance Trepanation of the tooth and access preparation including the enlarging of the root canal entrance
3 Root canal preparation with hand files at a certain working length, irrigation after each file and remove of the rubber dam Root canal preparation with hand files at a certain working length, irrigation after each file and remove of the rubber dam Root canal preparation with hand files at a certain working length, irrigation after each file and remove of the rubber dam Root canal preparation with hand files at a certain working length, irrigation after each file and remove of the rubber dam
Orthodontics   Multiband Treatment Multiband Treatment Multiband Treatment Multiband Treatment
1 Acid etching Acid etching Acid etching Acid etching
2 direct bonding of braces on teeth 1, 3, 4 and 6 and opening of self-ligating braces direct bonding of braces on teeth 1, 3, 4 and 6 and opening of self-ligating braces direct bonding of braces on teeth 1, 3, 4 and 6 and opening of self-ligating braces direct bonding of braces on teeth 1, 3, 4 and 6 and opening of self-ligating braces
3 insertion of archwire Insertion of archwire Insertion of archwire Insertion of archwire
4 Integration of brackets 3 using elastic ligation Integration of brackets 3 using elastic ligation Integration of brackets 3 using elastic ligation Integration of brackets 3 using elastic ligation
5 Integration of brackets 1 and 4 using metal ligation Integration of brackets 1 and 4 using metal ligation Integration of brackets 1 and 4 using metal ligation Integration of brackets 1 and 4 using metal ligation
6 Debonding of brackets Debonding of brackets Debonding of brackets Debonding of brackets
Oral surgery   Surgical removal of tooth 13 Surgical removal of tooth 23 Surgical removal of tooth 38 Surgical removal of tooth 48
1 palatinal and marginal incision in regio 16 to 11. Vestibular and marginal incision in regio 21 to 25. Crestal incision in regio 38 with a mesial relieving incision. Crestal incision in regio 48 to 44.
2 Exposure of the palatinal impacted tooth 13 by osteotomy using a surgical round bur.
If necessary, cut through the tooth using a Lindemann bur.
Remove the tooth 13 using a Bein root elevator or a dental forceps.
Curretage of the dental sac.
Exposure of the vestibular impacted tooth 23 by osteotomy using a surgical round bur.
If necessary, cut through the tooth using a Lindemann bur.
Removal of the tooth 23 using a Bein root elevator or a dental forceps.
Curretage of the dental sac.
Exposure of the impacted tooth 38 by osteotomy using a surgical round bur.
Removal of the tooth 38 using a Bein root elevator or a dental forceps.
Curretage of the dental sac.
Exposure of the impacted tooth 48 by osteotomy using a surgical round bur.
If necessary, cutting through the tooth using a Lindemann bur.
Removal of the tooth 48 using a Bein root elevator or a dental forceps.
Curretage of the dental sac.
3 Wound closure with single loop interrupted sutures Wound closure with single loop interrupted sutures. Wound closure with single loop interrupted sutures. Wound closure with single loop interrupted sutures.