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Table 4 Oxidative stress markers in not-exposed subjects and occupationally exposed group

From: Occupational exposure to organophosphorus and carbamates in farmers in La Cienega, Jalisco, Mexico: oxidative stress and membrane fluidity markers

  Unexposed Group
(n = 93)
Group A
(n = 25)
Group B
(n = 26)
Group C
(n = 19)
Group D
(n = 22)
P-Value*
GSH (μmol/mL) 1.58 ± 0.6080 0.0027 ± 0.0019 0.0023 ± 0.0086 0.0026 ± 0.0017 0.0026 ± 0.0018 (F = 126.20,
p = 0.000)
GSSG (μmol/mL) 0.5221 ± 0.5900 0.0007 ± 0.0004 0.0009 ± 0.0034 0.0006 ± 0.0003 0.0009 ± 0.0005 (F = 13.84,
p = 0.000)
GSH/GSSG 3.026 ± 1.0305 3.857 ± 3.75 2.555 ± 2.52 4.333 ± 4.66 2.888 ± 2.6 (F = 0.582, p = 0.710)
Carbonyl groups in proteins (μmol/mL) 13.57 ± 9.3 49.44 ± 25.62 80.05 ± 47.77 47.51 ± 15.95 71.06 ± 41.44 (F = 48.63, p = 0.000)
Nitrates-Nitrites (μmol/mL) 5.06 ± 1.8 59.06 ± 55.33 54.49 ± 42.83 63.01 ± 75.09 45.17 ± 28.0 (F = 22.78, p = 0.000)
Lipoperoxides MDA-4HNE (μmol/mL) 1.59 ± 0.89 4.94 ± 1.90 4.22 ± 1.23 4.85 ± 1.96 5.80 ± 2.16 (F = 65.57, p = 0.000)
Membrane fluidity 0.14 ± 0.04 0.49 ± 0.03 0.49 ± 0.04 0.47 ± 0.02 0.49 ± 0.05 (F = 694.84, p = 0.000)
  1. Data are presented as mean values ± standard deviation
  2. *Value obtained with the one-way ANOVA. The comparison was made between the unexposed group and subgroups A, B, C and D, for each oxidative stress marker