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Table 1 Sample description (overall/by gender)

From: Are social conflicts at work associated with depressive symptomatology? Results from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study

 Total (n = 2164)Men (n = 856)Women (n = 1308)P-value*
Variablemean/%SDmean/%SDmean/%SD
Age49.37.949.48.149.37.70.924
Education low (%)1.9 2.3 1.5 P < 0.001
Education middle (%)63.6 57.2 67.8 
Education high (%)34.5 40.4 30.7 
Social resources17.55.017.35.117.54.90.385
Neuroticism3.21.13.01.13.41.2P < 0.001
Extraversion3.71.33.61.23.81.30.004
Interpersonal conflict2.80.42.80.42.90.5P < 0.001
Frequency. of conflictual contact3.30.53.30.43.30.50.197
Dealing with physically aggressive people1.80.51.70.51.80.5P < 0.001
Dealing with angry people3.40.53.30.53.50.5P < 0.001
Depressive symptoms (CES-D-score)10.06.98.65.410.87.6P < 0.001
  1. n = 2164; age reported in years; education assessed according to CASMIN (Comparative Analysis of Social Mobility in Industrial Nations)-classification categories low, middle, and high; neuroticism and extraversion assessed by the NEO-16-AM; social resources assessed by the Lubben Social Network Scale; CES-D = Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; * p-values based on Chi2- and two-sample t-tests, as appropriate