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Table 1 Central Study Variables (n = 1060)

From: Psychosocial stress, demoralization and the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and medical drugs by veterinarians

   N %
Gender Men 499 47.1
  Women 561 52.9
Age ≤ 34 years 175 16.5
  35 – 44 years 420 39.6
  45 – 54 years 259 24.4
  ≥ 55 years 206 19.5
Professional work Non-clinical area of work1 292 27.5
  Practice owner 529 49.9
  Employee in a practice 239 22.6
Working Hours ≤ 20 h per week 72 6.8
  21–40 h per week 261 24.6
  41–60 h per week 573 54.1
  ≥ 60 h per week 154 14.5
Psychosocial Stress Low (points 1–18) 499 47.1
  Intermediate (19–36 points) 473 44.6
  Intense (37–53 points) 88 8.3
Demoralization Low (0–8 points) 611 57.6
  Intermediate (9–16 points) 388 36.6
  High (17–34 points) 61 5.8
Tobacco Consumption No tobacco consumption 857 80.8
  Tobacco Consumption: 1–9 items per day 110 10.4
  Tobacco Consumption: ≥ 10 items per day 93 8.8
Alcohol Consumption No alcohol consumption 135 12.7
  Low-risk alcohol consumption 587 55.4
  High-risk alcohol consumption 338 31.9
Binge drinking (≥ 5 intakes in one drinking situation) On no day 828 78.1
  1 to 3 times during the previous 30 days 459 15.0
  Regular (at least weekly) 73 6.9
CAGE Test Score < 2 922 87.0
  Score ≥ 2 (problem drinking) 138 13.0
Drug Use No intake 452 42.6
  1 to 3 times during the previous 30 days 398 37.5
  Regular intake (at least weekly) 210 19.8
Drugs Prescribed by Doctor 1 to 3 times during the previous 30 days 12 1.1
  Regular intake (at least weekly) 41 3.9
  1. 1Department of Veterinary Services, Animal Feed, Nutrition or Pharmaceutical Industry, Official Ante- and Post-mortem Meat Inspection, University