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Table 2 Health, risks, consumption of addictive substances in surgical and non-surgical specialties (absolute numbers/frequency in % or means [standard deviations])

From: Health, risk behaviour and consumption of addictive substances among physicians - results of an online survey

Examined variables Surgical specialitya (n = 241) Non-surgical specialitya (n = 679) All (n = 920) P-Value
Health condition (subjective)
 Satisfactory/good/very good 217/90 610/90 827/90 1.000
 Very poor/poor/less healthy 24/10 69/10 93/10
Actively taking health risks
 Sometimes/often 107/44 175/26 282/31 < 0,001
 Rarely/never 134/56 504/74 638/69
Preventive check-ups
 Often 41/17 181/27 222/24 0.003
 Rarely 200/83 498/73 698/76
BMI
  24,5 (3,8) 24,1 (3,5) 24,2 (3,6) 0.160
BMI - categories
 Short/normal weight (BMI < 25) 159/66 444/65 603/66 0.059
 Overweight (BMI 25 bis < 30) 55/23 188/28 243/26
 Obesity (BMI ≥ 30) 27/11 47/7 74/8
Nicotineb
 Moderate to high dependence 15/6 29/4 44/5 0.145
 Low dependence 27/11 55/8 82/9
 Non-smoker/otherc 199/83 595/88 794/86
Alcohold
 Hazardous alcohol consumption 70/29 142/21 212/23 0.013
 Harmless/no alcohol consumption 171/71 537/79 708/77
“How often do you drink alcohol in general?” (Scores)
 4 times or more often per week (4) 38/16 99/15 137/15  
 2–3 times per week (3) 81/34 196/29 277/30
 2–4 times per month (2) 80/33 210/31 290/32
 Monthly or less (1) 26/11 111/16 216/24
 Never (0) 16/7 63/9  
“How many unitse of alcohol do you drink on a typical day when you are drinking?” (Scores)
 10 or more (4) 1/0 1/0 2/0  
 7–9 (3) 6/3 9/1 15/2
 5–6 (2) 11/5 20/3 31/3
 3–4 (1) 59/25 113/17 172/19
 1–2 (0) 148/61 473/70 621/68
 I don’t drink alcohol at all. (0) 16/7 63/9 79/9
“How often have you had 6 or more units of alcohol on one day in the last year?” (Scores)
 Daily or almost daily (4) 3/1 1/0 4/0  
 Once a week (3) 12/5 21/3 33/4
 Once a month (2) 35/15 64/9 99/11
 Less than monthly (1) 93/39 200/30 293/32
 Never (0) 98/41 393/58 491/53
  1. aSurgical speciality: surgery, gynaecology, urology, ENT, ophthalmology; non-surgical speciality: general practice, anaesthesiology, occupational medicine, dermatology, Internal medicine, laboratory medicine, microbiology, neurology, nuclear medicine, pathology, paediatrics, physical and rehabilitative medicine, psychiatry, psychosomatics, child and adolescent psychiatry, radiology, radiation therapy, geriatrics, human genetics, palliative care, pharmacology, environment medicine
  2. bHSI = Heaviness of Smoking Index (≥2 scores: moderate to high dependence)
  3. cOther: pipe, cigar, electro cigarette
  4. dAUDIT-C test: (≥5 scores: hazardous alcohol consumption)
  5. eOne unit equals: 350 ml beer / 150 ml wine/champagne / 40 ml spirits