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Table 2 Mean values (MV) and standard deviations (SD) of the all parameters with respect to position 1 and 2 as well as the calculated p-values of the Wilcoxon-Matched-Pairs-Test

From: Comparison between the musician-specific seating position of high string bow players and their habitual seating position – a video raster stereographic study of the dorsal upper body posture

Spinal parameters Position 1 Position 2 p-value
 Spinal parameters MV SD MV SD p-value
 Trunk length D (mm) 497.65 27.85 490.30 25.22 0.001***
 Trunk length S (mm) 551.29 30.64 542.80 28.24 0.001***
 Sagittal trunk decline (°) −7.67 2.16 −3.73 2.51 0.001***
 Frontal trunk decline (°) 0.53 1.03 1.34 1.99 0.13
 Axis decline (°) 1.21 2.47 2.16 2.59 0.09
 Thoracic bending angle (°) 13.53 4.42 14.14 3.33 0.45
 Lumbar bending angle (°) 6.29 3.83 8.53 3.83 0.03*
 Standard lateral deviation (mm) 3.45 2.37 4.06 3.31 0.64
 Maximal lateral deviation (mm) −3.24 6.31 −0.81 9.27 0.20
 Standard deviation rotation (°) 4.25 2.25 7.17 4.84 0.001***
 Maximal rotation (°) 3.10 7.47 12.42 14.16 0.01**
 Kyphosis angle (°) 48.28 12.84 44.58 13.73 0.76
 Lordosis angle (°) 32.89 24.58 24.79 11.10 1.00
Pelvis parameters
 Pelvis distance (mm) 92.46 7.14 91.32 7.48 0.02*
 Pelvis height (°) 0.90 2.73 0.91 2.11 0.62
 Pelvis height_2 (mm) 1.36 4.38 1.46 3.43 0.97
 Pelvis torsion (°) −0.08 2.23 0.81 3.77 0.42
 Pelvis rotation (°) 0.87 3.51 2.41 5.63 0.31
Shoulder parameters
 Scapula distance (mm) 165.81 22.48 176.98 20.62 0.001***
 Scapula height (mm) 0.26 8.35 −3.98 11.05 0.09
 Scapula rotation (°) 2.87 3.18 5.76 5.82 0.02*
 Scapula angle left (°) 29.05 5.55 40.55 19.16 0.13
 Scapula angle right (°) 34,04 9,99 27,07 5,51 0.001***
  1. Legend: * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001