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Table 1 MSD prevalence of the spine segments

From: Musculoskeletal health, work-related risk factors and preventive measures in hairdressing: a scoping review

# First author, year Country Sample size Lower back Neck Upper back Overall MSDc
Prevalence % (95% CI)b point 12-month point 12-month point 12-month 12-month
(†point)
1 Adewumi-Gunn, 2016 [39] US 22 36% (19.6–57.1)
2 Amodeo, 2004 [40] FRd 389 47% (41.6–51.5) 37% (31.9–41.4) 36% (31.4–40.9)
3 Aweto, 2015 [41] NI 299 76% (71.1–80.7) 46% (40.6–51.8) 5% (2.7–7.8) 76% (70.4–80.1)
4 Bradshaw, 2011 [13] UKd 147 42% (34.5–50.3) 31% (24.3–39.2) 27% (20.6–34.9)
5 Cruz, 2015 [42] POd 30 100% (88.4–100) 77% (58.8–88.5) 17% (6.9–34)
6 De Smet, 2009 [43] BEd 145 41% (33.0–48.8)†
7 Deschamps, 2014 [44] FRd 199 27% (20.9–33.2) 20% (14.7–25.7) 67% (60–73)†
8 Douwes, 2001 [45] NLd 280 23% (18.3–28.1) 34% (28.3–39.3) 52% (46.3–57.9) 49% (42.8–54.4)
9 Hassan, 2015 [14] EG 80 13% (6.7–21.7) 9% (4.0–17.2)
10 Mahdavi, 2013 [46] IR 172 59% (51.3–65.8) 52% (44.9–59.7) 40% (32.5–47)
11 Mandiracioglu, 2009 [47] TU 1284 27% (24.7–29.5) 32% (29.4–34.5)
12 Mussi, 2008 [48] BR 220 39% (32.9–45.7) 47% (40.3–53.4) 71% (64.6–76.5)
13 O’Loughlin, 2010 [50] AS 238 71% (65.4–76.8)
14 Omokhodion, 2009 [51] NI 355 19% (15.1–23.3)
15 Puckree, 2009 [52] SF 75 39% (28.4–50) 11% (5.3–19.9) 60% (48.7–70.4)†
16 Schneider, 2006 [25] GEd 26 46% (28.8–64.6) 70% (49.9–83.7)
17 Tsigonia, 2009 [38] GRd 102 53% (43.3–62.3) 58% (48.1–67)
18 Veiersted, 2008 [7] NOd 188 28% (22.2–35) 47% (40.3–54.5)
Range (min-max in %) 19–100% 13–76% 20–77% 9–58% 11–27% 5–40% 32–76%
No of studies with data on prevalence n = 16 n = 11 n = 6 n = 7
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, MSD musculoskeletal disorders
  2. aOnly hairdressers
  3. b95% confidence interval (CI) not presented in articles but calculated from sample size and prevalence estimate
  4. cOverall MSD: prevalence without body area indication
  5. dEuropean countries