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Table 3 Platinum levels in surface wipes before and after induction of hospital safety management system

From: Occupational exposure of platinum-based anti-cancer drugs: five-year monitoring of hair and environmental samples in a single hospital

2010 Sampling spot Platinum levels* (pg/cm2)** 2015 Sampling spot Platinum levels* (pg/cm2)**
Diabetes ward    Diabetes ward   
Drug mixing table N.D. N.D. Drug mixing table N.D. N.D.
Device for measuring urine quantitya 2.28 3.25 Device for washing urine pot N.D. 0.45
Doorknob N.D. N.D. Doorknob N.D. 0.45
Meeting table N.D. N.D. Sanitary room tap handle b N.D. 0.53
Hematology ward    Hematology ward   
Drug mixing table 1e 0.85 0.30 Drug mixing table 1 N.D. N.D.
Drug mixing table 2 0.4 0.6 Drug mixing table 2 N.D. N.D.
Drug mixing table 3 0.85 2.13 Meeting table 0.6 N.D.
Plastic film on drug mixing table 3 f 10 3.25 Wagon for mixed hazardous drug N.D. N.D.
Device for measuring urine quantity 0.28 N.D. Device for washing urine pot c N.D. N.D.
Doorknob N.D. N.D. Doorknob N.D. N.D.
Keyboard cover on computer h 15.25 4.5 Sanitary room tap handle N.D. 0.38
Gastroenterology ward    Gastroenterology ward   
Drug mixing table 3 1.75 Drug mixing table 0.63 3.75
Handle of drug mixing table N.D. 0.93 Wagon for mixed hazardous drug N.D. N.D.
Device for measuring urine quantity 2.18 6.25 Device for washing urine pot N.D. N.D.
Doorknob 0.73 6.5 Doorknob N.D. N.D.
Meeting table 7 0.3 Sanitary room tap handle N.D. N.D.
Respiratory ward    Respiratory ward   
Drug mixing table 1 1.35 0.35 Drug mixing table N.D. 1.6
Drug mixing table 2 0.55 0.3 Wagon for mixed hazardous drug N.D. N.D.
Device for measuring urine quantity 1050 157.5 Device for washing urine pot N.D. 0.35
Doorknob 0.6 0.53 Doorknob N.D. N.D.
Protective glasses for drug mixing i 2 1.08 Sanitary room tap handle N.D. 0.25
Pharmacy    Pharmacy   
Inside safety cabinet 5.25 3.75 Inside safety cabinet 0.55 3.75
Front window of safety cabinet 3.5 2.33 Front window of safety cabinet g N.D. N.D.
Doorknob 0.28 0.35 Doorknob 2.28 2.03
Wagon for mixed hazardous drug 3.75 9 Tray for mixed hazardous drug N.D. N.D.
Floor 1.65 1.73 Desk surface 0.48 N.D.
Chair 3.25 1.83 Bar cord reader d 0.38 0.75
    Non-medical office   
    Office meeting table j 0.3 N.D.
    Coffee table N.D. N.D.
    Office doorknob 0.8 0.28
    Washstand surface N.D. N.D.
    Mail service desk N.D. N.D.
  1. N.D. not detected. For a-j, please see pictures in Fig. 4
  2. *Every location was sampled twice, with a 2-week interval in an independent occasion
  3. **pg, picogram