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Table 3 Results of multilevel linear regression to assess depressive symptomatology (CES-D), total sample (n = 2164)

From: Are social conflicts at work associated with depressive symptomatology? Results from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study

VariableNull modelModel 1Model 2
coeff.95% CIcoeff.95% CIcoeff.95% CI
Individual level
 Intercept/constant9.849.51; 10.147.534.70; 10.357.144.86; 10.04
 Female gender  1.200.66; 1.741.190.56; 1.46
 Age  0.00−0.04; 0.030.00−0.03; 0.02
 Education: middle  −1.84−3.68; 0.01−1.84−3.21; 0.01
 Education: high (ref: low)  −2.61−4.49; −0.72−2.60−4.04;-1.12
 Social resources  −0.23−0.28; − 0.18−0.23− 0.28; − 0.19
 Neuroticism  2.552.33; 2.772.552.29; 2.67
 Extraversion  −0.37−0.56; − 0.17−0.37− 0.53; − 0.20
Occupational level
 Interpersonal conflict    0.14−0.60; 0.83
Random effects
 Intercept SD1.140.57; 1.280.510.24; 1.030.500.18; 0.86
ICC0.028 0.008 0.007 
Log Likelihood− 7233.77 − 6888.12 −6888.041 
LR-TestChi2 = 23.30; P < 0.001 Chi2 = 4.42; P = 0.018 Chi2 = 4.23; P = 0.020 
AIC14,473.54 13,796.23 13,798.08 
  1. CI confidence interval; SD standard deviation; education assessed according to CASMIN (Comparative Analysis of Social Mobility in Industrial Nations)-classification categories low, middle, and high; neuroticism and extraversion assessed by the NEO-16-AM; social resources assessed by the Lubben Social Network Scale; CES-D Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; significant associations presented in bold type