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Table 3 Associations between selected occupations+ and prostate cancer aggressiveness (N = 1680)

From: Occupation and prostate Cancer risk: results from the epidemiological study of prostate cancer (EPICAP)

ISCO* Code (1 to 3 digits): Description CA** Never Ever employed <  10 years employed ≥ 10 years employed
n*** n OR [95% CI]**** n OR [95% CI] n OR [95% CI]
0/1: PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL AND RELATED WORKERS NA
A††
C†††
401
106
571
222
76
304
0.96 [0.73; 1.25]
1.63 [1.11; 2.42]
64
22
102
0.89 [0.61; 1.28]
1.36 [0.79; 2.32]
158
54
202
1.00 [0.73; 1.35]
1.83 [1.17; 2.86]
0–2: Architects, Engineers NA
A
C
595
177
836
28
5
39
0.89 [0.52; 1.52]
0.68 [0.25; 1.80]
8
1
21
0.48 [0.20; 1.12]
0.24 [0.03; 1.87]
20
4
18
1.38 [0.69; 2.75]
1.18 [0.38; 3.66]
0–3: Surveyors, Draughtsmen and Related technicians NA
A
C
565
158
804
58
24
71
1.23 [0.85; 1.80]
1.68 [1.00; 2.81]
27
10
41
0.99 [0.59; 1.67]
1.35 [0.65; 2.79]
31
14
30
1.56 [0.92; 2.65]
2.11 [1.06; 4.21]
0–6: Medical, Dental and Veterinary workers NA
A
C
609
177
869
14
5
6
2.90 [1.07; 7.89]
4.63 [1.33; 16.15]
0
1
1
-
2.01 [0.10; 39.56]
14
4
5
3.53 [1.22; 10.22]
5.01 [1.27; 19.77]
  0–61: Medical Doctors NA
A
C
614
180
872
9
2
3
3.94 [1.03; 15.04]
4.16 [0.65; 26.55]
0
0
0
-
-
9
2
3
3.94 [1.03; 15.04]
4.16 [0.65; 26.55]
2: ADMINISTRATIVE AND MANAGERIAL WORKERS NA
A
C
507
154
760
116
28
115
1.51 [1.11; 2.06]
1.29 [0.80; 2.06]
21
8
35
0.83 [0.46; 1.51]
1.28 [0.57; 2.91]
95
20
80
1.82 [1.29; 2.57]
1.30 [0.75; 2.23]
2–0: Legislative Officials and Government Administrators NA
A
C
604
180
865
19
2
10
2.52 [1.13; 5.62]
1.06 [0.22; 5.03]
8
1
5
1.83 [0.58; 5.79]
0.84 [0.10; 7.49]
11
1
5
3.30 [1.10; 9.84]
1.29 [0.15; 11.41]
  2–02: Government Administrators NA
A
C
606
180
867
17
2
8
3.00 [1.25; 7.19]
1.38 [0.28; 6.74]
6
1
3
2.55 [0.62; 10.52]
1.42 [0.14; 14.23]
11
1
5
3.30 [1.11; 9.85]
1.30 [0.15; 11.49]
2–1: Managers NA
A
C
520
155
767
103
27
108
1.39 [1.02; 1.91]
1.30 [0.81; 2.10]
20
8
34
0.79 [0.43; 1.45]
1.31 [0.58; 2.96]
83
19
74
1.68 [1.18; 2.41]
1.31 [0.75; 2.28]
  2–11: General Managers NA
A
C
586
172
843
37
10
32
2.01 [1.19; 3.38]
1.82 [0.86; 3.89]
10
4
13
1.31 [0.53; 3.24]
2.12 [0.65; 6.95]
27
6
19
2.45 [1.30; 4.63]
1.70 [0.65; 4.45]
3: CLERICAL AND RELATED WORKERS NA
A
C
439
132
611
184
50
264
0.94 [0.74; 1.20]
0.82 [0.56; 1.19]
81
20
100
1.08 [0.77; 1.51]
0.84 [0.49; 1.44]
103
30
64
0.86 [0.64; 1.15]
0.81 [0.52; 1.26]
4: SALES WORKERS NA
A
C
465
144
693
158
38
182
1.30 [1.00; 1.68]
1.01 [0.67; 1.51]
72
23
89
1.13 [0.80; 1.61]
1.24 [0.75; 2.06]
86
15
93
1.47 [1.05; 2.05]
0.78 [0.43; 1.40]
4–0: Managers (Wholesale and Retail Trade) NA
A
C
607
177
864
16
5
11
1.86 [0.83; 4.20]
1.95 [0.65; 5.80]
7
4
3
2.12 [0.50; 8.98]
5.66 [1.19; 26.83]
9
1
8
1.86 [0.70; 4.96]
0.54 [0.07; 4.43]
5: SERVICE WORKERS NA
A
C
516
153
700
107
29
175
0.81 [0.61; 1.07]
0.72 [0.46; 1.13]
43
12
94
0.55 [0.37; 0.83]
0.55 [0.29; 1.03]
64
17
81
1.12 [0.78; 1.62]
0.94 [0.53; 1.65]
5–5: Building Caretakers, Charworkers, Cleaners and Related Workers NA
A
C
613
180
849
10
2
26
0.47 [0.22; 1.02]
0.35 [0.08; 1.49]
8
2
19
0.50 [0.21; 1.23]
0.49 [0.11; 2.16]
2
0
7
0.38 [0.07; 2.03]
-
5–8: Protective Service Workers NA
A
C
579
171
805
44
11
70
0.84 [0.56; 1.27]
0.70 [0.36; 1.37]
16
4
34
0.58 [0.31; 1.10]
0.52 [0.18; 1.52]
28
7
36
1.09 [0.64; 1.84]
0.87 [0.38; 2.03]
6: AGRICULTURAL ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND FORESTRY WORKERS, FISHERMEN AND HUNTERS NA
A
C
547
150
762
76
32
113
0.89 [0.64; 1.24]
1.30 [0.83; 2.05]
35
13
54
0.85 [0.53; 1.35]
1.15 [0.60; 2.20]
41
19
59
0.93 [0.60; 1.44]
1.44 [0.81; 2.57]
6–4: Fishermen, Hunters and Related Workers NA
A
C
614
177
867
9
5
8
1.53 [0.57; 4.11]
3.16 [1.00; 10.05]
2
0
2
1.66 [0.22; 12.50]
-
7
5
6
1.54 [0.50; 4.74]
4.58 [1.33; 15.78]
  6–41: Fishermen NA
A
C
619
178
870
4
4
5
1.13 [0.29; 4.39]
4.01 [1.02; 15.69]
1
0
1
1.84 [0.11; 30.43]
-
3
4
4
1.01 [0.22; 4.75]
5.10 [1.20; 21.61]
7/8/9: PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS, TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND LABOURERS NA
A
C
305
86
364
318
96
511
0.76 [0.59; 0.97]
0.73 [0.50; 1.06]
107
26
160
0.81 [0.59; 1.12]
0.63 [0.38; 1.04]
211
70
351
0.72 [0.55; 0.95]
0.79 [0.52; 1.18]
7–0: Production Supervisors and General Foremen NA
A
C
570
166
821
53
16
54
1.60 [1.06; 2.41]
1.60 [0.88; 2.89]
22
5
24
1.43 [0.77; 2.65]
1.11 [0.41; 3.02]
31
11
30
1.73 [1.02; 2.94]
1.98 [0.96; 4.09]
7–4: Chemical Processers and Related Workers NA
A
C
622
182
866
1
0
9
0.14 [0.02; 1.18]
-
0
0
5
-
-
1
0
4
0.37 [0.04; 3.57]
-
7–7: Food and Beverage Processers NA
A
C
600
176
828
23
6
47
0.62 [0.36; 1.07]
0.51 [0.21; 1.23]
11
5
25
0.54 [0.25; 1.16]
0.76 [0.28; 2.08]
12
1
22
0.72 [0.34; 1.51]
0.19 [0.03; 1.46]
8–1: Cabinetmakers and Related Woodworkers NA
A
C
611
180
870
12
2
5
3.53 [1.20; 10.39
1.62 [0.30; 8.65]
8
1
2
4.97 [1.01; 24.42]
1.84 [0.16; 21.03]
4
1
3
2.46 [0.53; 11.30]
1.52 [0.15; 15.20]
8–3: Blacksmiths, Toolmakers and Machine Tool Operators NA
A
C
599
173
820
24
9
55
0.67 [0.40; 1.12]
0.83 [0.40; 1.74]
12
4
34
0.53 [0.27; 1.05]
0.57 [0.20; 1.66]
12
5
21
0.90 [0.43; 1.90]
1.29 [0.47; 3.55]
  8–39: Blacksmiths, Toolmakers and Machine-Tool Operators Not Elsewhere Classified NA
A
C
617
178
857
6
4
18
0.52 [0.20; 1.37]
1.19 [0.39; 3.66]
1
0
14
0.12 [0.02; 0.92]
-
5
4
4
1.83 [0.47; 7.19]
5.36 [1.28; 22.45]
9–7: Material Handling and Related Equipment Operators, Dockers and Freight Handlers NA
A
C
585
162
794
38
20
81
0.62 [0.41; 0.95]
1.24 [0.72; 2.15]
31
17
58
0.71 [0.44; 1.15]
1.51 [0.83; 2.75]
7
3
23
0.40 [0.17; 0.97]
0.61 [0.18; 2.09]
9–8: Transport Equipment Operators NA
A
C
558
159
752
65
23
123
0.71 [0.50; 1.00]
0.85 [0.52; 1.40]
30
7
63
0.65 [0.41; 1.05]
0.51 [0.22; 1.14]
35
16
60
0.76 [0.48; 1.21]
1.22 [0.67; 2.24]
  9–85: Motor-Vehicle Drivers NA
A
C
571
163
780
52
19
95
0.74 [0.50; 1.08]
0.93 [0.54; 1.60]
25
6
48
0.68 [0.40; 1.15]
0.57 [0.24; 1.39]
27
13
47
0.80 [0.48; 1.34]
1.31 [0.67; 2.55]
MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES NA
A
C
612
177
857
11
5
18
0.87 [0.40; 1.90]
1.36 [0.49; 3.77]
8
2
15
0.76 [0.31; 1.84]
0.64 [0.14; 2.88]
3
3
3
1.46 [0.29; 7.48]
5.14 [0.99; 26.71]
  1. Abbreviations: +occupations (exercised by 10 subjects or more) with at least one statistically significant association for ever employment or duration of employment; *ISCO: international standard classification of occupations (version of 1968); **CA: cancer aggressiveness; ***n: number of participants in each group; ****Odds ratio adjusted for age (age of reference (60–64 years)), ethnic origin, first-degree family history of this cancer, educational level, intensity of physical activity, waist circumference, marital status; NA: non-aggressive cancer cases (Gleason score ≥ 7 (3 + 4)); ††A: aggressive cancer cases (Gleason score ≤ 7 (4 + 3)); †††C: controls; ††††Other health professionals: Nurses, Midwives, Optometrists and opticians, Physiotherapists and occupational therapists, Medical radiology technicians