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Table 3 Associations between selected occupations+ and prostate cancer aggressiveness (N = 1680)

From: Occupation and prostate Cancer risk: results from the epidemiological study of prostate cancer (EPICAP)

ISCO* Code (1 to 3 digits): Description

CA**

Never

Ever employed

<  10 years employed

≥ 10 years employed

n***

n

OR [95% CI]****

n

OR [95% CI]

n

OR [95% CI]

0/1: PROFESSIONAL, TECHNICAL AND RELATED WORKERS

NA

A††

C†††

401

106

571

222

76

304

0.96 [0.73; 1.25]

1.63 [1.11; 2.42]

64

22

102

0.89 [0.61; 1.28]

1.36 [0.79; 2.32]

158

54

202

1.00 [0.73; 1.35]

1.83 [1.17; 2.86]

0–2: Architects, Engineers

NA

A

C

595

177

836

28

5

39

0.89 [0.52; 1.52]

0.68 [0.25; 1.80]

8

1

21

0.48 [0.20; 1.12]

0.24 [0.03; 1.87]

20

4

18

1.38 [0.69; 2.75]

1.18 [0.38; 3.66]

0–3: Surveyors, Draughtsmen and Related technicians

NA

A

C

565

158

804

58

24

71

1.23 [0.85; 1.80]

1.68 [1.00; 2.81]

27

10

41

0.99 [0.59; 1.67]

1.35 [0.65; 2.79]

31

14

30

1.56 [0.92; 2.65]

2.11 [1.06; 4.21]

0–6: Medical, Dental and Veterinary workers

NA

A

C

609

177

869

14

5

6

2.90 [1.07; 7.89]

4.63 [1.33; 16.15]

0

1

1

-

2.01 [0.10; 39.56]

14

4

5

3.53 [1.22; 10.22]

5.01 [1.27; 19.77]

  0–61: Medical Doctors

NA

A

C

614

180

872

9

2

3

3.94 [1.03; 15.04]

4.16 [0.65; 26.55]

0

0

0

-

-

9

2

3

3.94 [1.03; 15.04]

4.16 [0.65; 26.55]

2: ADMINISTRATIVE AND MANAGERIAL WORKERS

NA

A

C

507

154

760

116

28

115

1.51 [1.11; 2.06]

1.29 [0.80; 2.06]

21

8

35

0.83 [0.46; 1.51]

1.28 [0.57; 2.91]

95

20

80

1.82 [1.29; 2.57]

1.30 [0.75; 2.23]

2–0: Legislative Officials and Government Administrators

NA

A

C

604

180

865

19

2

10

2.52 [1.13; 5.62]

1.06 [0.22; 5.03]

8

1

5

1.83 [0.58; 5.79]

0.84 [0.10; 7.49]

11

1

5

3.30 [1.10; 9.84]

1.29 [0.15; 11.41]

  2–02: Government Administrators

NA

A

C

606

180

867

17

2

8

3.00 [1.25; 7.19]

1.38 [0.28; 6.74]

6

1

3

2.55 [0.62; 10.52]

1.42 [0.14; 14.23]

11

1

5

3.30 [1.11; 9.85]

1.30 [0.15; 11.49]

2–1: Managers

NA

A

C

520

155

767

103

27

108

1.39 [1.02; 1.91]

1.30 [0.81; 2.10]

20

8

34

0.79 [0.43; 1.45]

1.31 [0.58; 2.96]

83

19

74

1.68 [1.18; 2.41]

1.31 [0.75; 2.28]

  2–11: General Managers

NA

A

C

586

172

843

37

10

32

2.01 [1.19; 3.38]

1.82 [0.86; 3.89]

10

4

13

1.31 [0.53; 3.24]

2.12 [0.65; 6.95]

27

6

19

2.45 [1.30; 4.63]

1.70 [0.65; 4.45]

3: CLERICAL AND RELATED WORKERS

NA

A

C

439

132

611

184

50

264

0.94 [0.74; 1.20]

0.82 [0.56; 1.19]

81

20

100

1.08 [0.77; 1.51]

0.84 [0.49; 1.44]

103

30

64

0.86 [0.64; 1.15]

0.81 [0.52; 1.26]

4: SALES WORKERS

NA

A

C

465

144

693

158

38

182

1.30 [1.00; 1.68]

1.01 [0.67; 1.51]

72

23

89

1.13 [0.80; 1.61]

1.24 [0.75; 2.06]

86

15

93

1.47 [1.05; 2.05]

0.78 [0.43; 1.40]

4–0: Managers (Wholesale and Retail Trade)

NA

A

C

607

177

864

16

5

11

1.86 [0.83; 4.20]

1.95 [0.65; 5.80]

7

4

3

2.12 [0.50; 8.98]

5.66 [1.19; 26.83]

9

1

8

1.86 [0.70; 4.96]

0.54 [0.07; 4.43]

5: SERVICE WORKERS

NA

A

C

516

153

700

107

29

175

0.81 [0.61; 1.07]

0.72 [0.46; 1.13]

43

12

94

0.55 [0.37; 0.83]

0.55 [0.29; 1.03]

64

17

81

1.12 [0.78; 1.62]

0.94 [0.53; 1.65]

5–5: Building Caretakers, Charworkers, Cleaners and Related Workers

NA

A

C

613

180

849

10

2

26

0.47 [0.22; 1.02]

0.35 [0.08; 1.49]

8

2

19

0.50 [0.21; 1.23]

0.49 [0.11; 2.16]

2

0

7

0.38 [0.07; 2.03]

-

5–8: Protective Service Workers

NA

A

C

579

171

805

44

11

70

0.84 [0.56; 1.27]

0.70 [0.36; 1.37]

16

4

34

0.58 [0.31; 1.10]

0.52 [0.18; 1.52]

28

7

36

1.09 [0.64; 1.84]

0.87 [0.38; 2.03]

6: AGRICULTURAL ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND FORESTRY WORKERS, FISHERMEN AND HUNTERS

NA

A

C

547

150

762

76

32

113

0.89 [0.64; 1.24]

1.30 [0.83; 2.05]

35

13

54

0.85 [0.53; 1.35]

1.15 [0.60; 2.20]

41

19

59

0.93 [0.60; 1.44]

1.44 [0.81; 2.57]

6–4: Fishermen, Hunters and Related Workers

NA

A

C

614

177

867

9

5

8

1.53 [0.57; 4.11]

3.16 [1.00; 10.05]

2

0

2

1.66 [0.22; 12.50]

-

7

5

6

1.54 [0.50; 4.74]

4.58 [1.33; 15.78]

  6–41: Fishermen

NA

A

C

619

178

870

4

4

5

1.13 [0.29; 4.39]

4.01 [1.02; 15.69]

1

0

1

1.84 [0.11; 30.43]

-

3

4

4

1.01 [0.22; 4.75]

5.10 [1.20; 21.61]

7/8/9: PRODUCTION AND RELATED WORKERS, TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT OPERATORS AND LABOURERS

NA

A

C

305

86

364

318

96

511

0.76 [0.59; 0.97]

0.73 [0.50; 1.06]

107

26

160

0.81 [0.59; 1.12]

0.63 [0.38; 1.04]

211

70

351

0.72 [0.55; 0.95]

0.79 [0.52; 1.18]

7–0: Production Supervisors and General Foremen

NA

A

C

570

166

821

53

16

54

1.60 [1.06; 2.41]

1.60 [0.88; 2.89]

22

5

24

1.43 [0.77; 2.65]

1.11 [0.41; 3.02]

31

11

30

1.73 [1.02; 2.94]

1.98 [0.96; 4.09]

7–4: Chemical Processers and Related Workers

NA

A

C

622

182

866

1

0

9

0.14 [0.02; 1.18]

-

0

0

5

-

-

1

0

4

0.37 [0.04; 3.57]

-

7–7: Food and Beverage Processers

NA

A

C

600

176

828

23

6

47

0.62 [0.36; 1.07]

0.51 [0.21; 1.23]

11

5

25

0.54 [0.25; 1.16]

0.76 [0.28; 2.08]

12

1

22

0.72 [0.34; 1.51]

0.19 [0.03; 1.46]

8–1: Cabinetmakers and Related Woodworkers

NA

A

C

611

180

870

12

2

5

3.53 [1.20; 10.39

1.62 [0.30; 8.65]

8

1

2

4.97 [1.01; 24.42]

1.84 [0.16; 21.03]

4

1

3

2.46 [0.53; 11.30]

1.52 [0.15; 15.20]

8–3: Blacksmiths, Toolmakers and Machine Tool Operators

NA

A

C

599

173

820

24

9

55

0.67 [0.40; 1.12]

0.83 [0.40; 1.74]

12

4

34

0.53 [0.27; 1.05]

0.57 [0.20; 1.66]

12

5

21

0.90 [0.43; 1.90]

1.29 [0.47; 3.55]

  8–39: Blacksmiths, Toolmakers and Machine-Tool Operators Not Elsewhere Classified

NA

A

C

617

178

857

6

4

18

0.52 [0.20; 1.37]

1.19 [0.39; 3.66]

1

0

14

0.12 [0.02; 0.92]

-

5

4

4

1.83 [0.47; 7.19]

5.36 [1.28; 22.45]

9–7: Material Handling and Related Equipment Operators, Dockers and Freight Handlers

NA

A

C

585

162

794

38

20

81

0.62 [0.41; 0.95]

1.24 [0.72; 2.15]

31

17

58

0.71 [0.44; 1.15]

1.51 [0.83; 2.75]

7

3

23

0.40 [0.17; 0.97]

0.61 [0.18; 2.09]

9–8: Transport Equipment Operators

NA

A

C

558

159

752

65

23

123

0.71 [0.50; 1.00]

0.85 [0.52; 1.40]

30

7

63

0.65 [0.41; 1.05]

0.51 [0.22; 1.14]

35

16

60

0.76 [0.48; 1.21]

1.22 [0.67; 2.24]

  9–85: Motor-Vehicle Drivers

NA

A

C

571

163

780

52

19

95

0.74 [0.50; 1.08]

0.93 [0.54; 1.60]

25

6

48

0.68 [0.40; 1.15]

0.57 [0.24; 1.39]

27

13

47

0.80 [0.48; 1.34]

1.31 [0.67; 2.55]

MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES

NA

A

C

612

177

857

11

5

18

0.87 [0.40; 1.90]

1.36 [0.49; 3.77]

8

2

15

0.76 [0.31; 1.84]

0.64 [0.14; 2.88]

3

3

3

1.46 [0.29; 7.48]

5.14 [0.99; 26.71]

  1. Abbreviations: +occupations (exercised by 10 subjects or more) with at least one statistically significant association for ever employment or duration of employment; *ISCO: international standard classification of occupations (version of 1968); **CA: cancer aggressiveness; ***n: number of participants in each group; ****Odds ratio adjusted for age (age of reference (60–64 years)), ethnic origin, first-degree family history of this cancer, educational level, intensity of physical activity, waist circumference, marital status; NA: non-aggressive cancer cases (Gleason score ≥ 7 (3 + 4)); ††A: aggressive cancer cases (Gleason score ≤ 7 (4 + 3)); †††C: controls; ††††Other health professionals: Nurses, Midwives, Optometrists and opticians, Physiotherapists and occupational therapists, Medical radiology technicians