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  1. The mining industry has one of the highest occupational rates of serious injury and fatality. Mine staff involved with rescue operations are often required to respond to physically challenging situations. This...

    Authors: Ian B Stewart, Michael D McDonald, Andrew P Hunt and Tony W Parker

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:22

    Content type: Research

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  2. The objective of the study was to investigate the physiological responses of construction workers labouring in thermally stressful environments in the UAE using Thermal Work Limit (TWL) as a method of environm...

    Authors: Graham P Bates and John Schneider

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  3. Asbestos-related diffuse pleural thickening (DPT), or extensive fibrosis of the visceral pleura secondary to asbestos exposure, is increasingly common due to the large number of workers previously exposed to a...

    Authors: Susan E Miles, Alessandra Sandrini, Anthony R Johnson and Deborah H Yates

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:20

    Content type: Review

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  4. The 'False Consensus Effect' (FCE), by which people perceive their own actions as relatively common behaviour, might be exploited to gauge whether a person engages in controversial behaviour, such as performan...

    Authors: Andrea Petróczi, Jason Mazanov, Tamás Nepusz, Susan H Backhouse and Declan P Naughton

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  5. It can be difficult for occupational health professionals to assess which toxicological databases available on the Internet are the most useful for answering their questions. Therefore we evaluated toxicologic...

    Authors: Irja Laamanen, Jos Verbeek, Giuliano Franco, Marika Lehtola and Marita Luotamo

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  6. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) contained in tobacco smoke and a variety of environmental and occupational dusts is a toxic agent causing lung inflammation characterized by migration of neutrophils and monocytes into...

    Authors: Thomas Tschernig, Kyathanahalli S Janardhan, Reinhard Pabst and Baljit Singh

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:17

    Content type: Research

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  7. Very few studies have analysed heart rate (HR) with regard to music playing, and the scarce evidence available is controversial. The purpose of this study was to analyse the HR response of professional musicia...

    Authors: Claudia Iñesta, Nicolás Terrados, Daniel García and José A Pérez

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:16

    Content type: Research

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  8. Chronic exposure to mild irritants including cleansing and antiseptic products used for hand hygiene generates insults to the skin. To avoid unpleasant reactions, skin protection creams are commonly employed, ...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Xhauflaire-Uhoda, Elena Macarenko, Raphaël Denooz, Corinne Charlier and Gérald E Piérard

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  9. To examine the dose-response relationship between cumulative exposure to kneeling and squatting as well as to lifting and carrying of loads and symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) in a population-based case-c...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Nasreddin Abolmaali and Gine Elsner

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:14

    Content type: Research

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2012 7:21

  10. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure in a cohort consisting of male office and manual workers.

    Authors: Mats Hagberg, Lage Burström, Ronnie Lundström and Tohr Nilsson

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  11. To investigate the cancer risk among residents of Rhineland-Palatinate winegrowing communities in an ecological study.

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Gaël Paul Hammer, Gabriele Husmann, Jochem König, Anne Krtschil, Irene Schmidtmann and Maria Blettner

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:12

    Content type: Research

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  12. Sensitization to fish or crustaceans requires intensive skin contact and/or airway exposition and therefore especially workers in the seafood processing industry may develop an occupational seafood allergy. Ho...

    Authors: Cornelia S Seitz, Eva B Bröcker and Axel Trautmann

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:11

    Content type: Case report

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  13. To examine the self-reported level of work ability among female employees and the relationship between work ability and demographic characteristics, physical health, mental health, and various psychosocial and...

    Authors: Migle Gamperiene, Jan F Nygård, Inger Sandanger, Bjørn Lau and Dag Bruusgaard

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. Sufficient levels of physical activity provide cardio-protective benefit. However within developed society sedentary work and inflexible working hours promotes physical inactivity. Consequently to ensure a hea...

    Authors: Jennifer A Hewitt, Gregory P Whyte, Michelle Moreton, Ken A van Someren and Tanya S Levine

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Despite the large amount of experimental studies already conducted on bronchial asthma, further insights into the molecular basics of the disease are required to establish new therapeutic approaches. As a basi...

    Authors: Julia-Annik Börger, Niko Neye, Cristian Scutaru, Carolin Kreiter, Clemens Puk, Tanja C Fischer and Beatrix Groneberg-Kloft

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  16. Asthma represents a profound worldwide public health problem. The most effective anti-asthmatic drugs currently available include inhaled β2-agonists and glucocorticoids and control asthma in about 90-95% of p...

    Authors: Gaetano Caramori, David Groneberg, Kazuhiro Ito, Paolo Casolari, Ian M Adcock and Alberto Papi

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S6

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  17. Toll-like receptors play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity and in balancing immune responses with tolerance. TLR2 is related to protection against allergies and allergic asthma by sensing patho...

    Authors: Barbara Fuchs and Armin Braun

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  18. Over the last decade mouse models of experimental asthma proved to be a valuable tool for the investigation of mechanisms that underlie acute allergic airway inflammation and development of airway hyperrespons...

    Authors: Michael Wegmann

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S4

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  19. The lung is constantly exposed to the environment and its microbial components. Infections of the respiratory tract are amongst the most common diseases. Several concepts describe how this microbial exposure i...

    Authors: Christoph Beisswenger and Robert Bals

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  20. Murine models have highlighted the importance of T-cells and TH2 cytokines in development of allergen-induced airway disease. In contrast, the role of mast cells for the development of allergic airway disease has...

    Authors: Sebastian Reuter and Christian Taube

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  21. Since 2002, a workshop entitled “Asthma in animal models” has been held once a year in Hannover, Germany. It is organized by the Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine in collaboration wi...

    Authors: Armin Braun, Thomas Tschernig and David A Groneberg

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S1

    Content type: Editorial

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  22. Numerous cross-sectional studies have reported reduced lung function among welders but limitations of exposure assessment and design preclude causal inference. The aim of this study was to investigate if long-...

    Authors: Sigve W Christensen, Jens Peter Bonde and Øyvind Omland

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  23. Platelet activating factor and tachykinins (substance P, neurokinin A, neurokinin B) are important mediators contributing to increased airway secretion in the context of different types of respiratory diseases...

    Authors: Rene Schmidt, Petra Staats, David A Groneberg and Ulrich Wagner

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  24. Significant and poorly documented electrolyte losses result from prolonged sweating. This study aimed to quantify likely sodium losses during work in heat.

    Authors: Graham P Bates and Veronica S Miller

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  25. The objective of the present study is to establish an optimal cutoff point for distress measured with the corresponding scale of the 4DSQ, using the prediction of sickness absence as a criterion. The cutoff po...

    Authors: Willem van Rhenen, Frank JH van Dijk, Wilmar B Schaufeli and Roland WB Blonk

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  26. It was with considerable irony that tribal leaders began a collaboration with the University of Arizona and the Arizona Department of Health Services for training in public health preparedness, as the tribes h...

    Authors: Wayne F Peate and Jennie Mullins

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:2

    Content type: Short report

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  27. In a previous study of computer operators we have demonstrated the relation of upper limb pain to individual and patterns of neurological findings (reduced function of muscles, sensory deviations from normal a...

    Authors: Jorgen R Jepsen and Gert Thomsen

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  28. Exposure to swine barn air is an occupational hazard. Barn workers following an eight-hour work shift develop many signs of lung dysfunction including lung inflammation. However, the in situ cellular and molec...

    Authors: Lakshman Nihal Angunna Gamage, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Trisha Lee Swift and Baljit Singh

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:18

    Content type: Research

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  29. Nanoparticles hold tremendous potential as an effective drug delivery system. In this review we discussed recent developments in nanotechnology for drug delivery. To overcome the problems of gene and drug deli...

    Authors: Sarabjeet Singh Suri, Hicham Fenniri and Baljit Singh

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:16

    Content type: Review

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  30. The textile industry is one of the largest employers in Lithuania. IARC monograph concludes that working in the textile manufacturing industry entails exposures that are possibly carcinogenic to humans. The pu...

    Authors: Irena Kuzmickiene and Mecys Stukonis

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:14

    Content type: Research

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  31. We investigated the association between exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and mutations in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene and the subsequent risk for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

    Authors: Barbara Charbotel, Sophie Gad, Delphine Caïola, Christophe Béroud, Joelle Fevotte, Alain Bergeret, Sophie Ferlicot and Stéphane Richard

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:13

    Content type: Research

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  32. Occupational physicians are very often confronted with questions as to the fitness of the postural and locomotor systems, especially the spinal column. Occupational medical assessment and advice can be require...

    Authors: Michael Spallek, Walter Kuhn, Sieglinde Schwarze and Bernd Hartmann

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:12

    Content type: Methodology

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  33. Occupational exposures play a role in the onset of several chronic airway diseases. We investigated, in a cross-sectional study, lung function parameters and bronchial hyper-responsiveness to histamine in work...

    Authors: Farid Ould-Kadi, Tim S Nawrot, Peter H Hoet and Benoit Nemery

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:11

    Content type: Research

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  34. The study aimed to i) assess nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the Female Athlete Triad (FAT) syndrome and to compare with controls; and ii) to compare nutritional knowledge of those who ...

    Authors: Philippa Raymond-Barker, Andrea Petroczi and Eleanor Quested

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:10

    Content type: Research

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  35. The occurrence of occupational lung diseases is decreasing due to improvements in occupational health in recent years; however, silicosis and its complications remain important occupational health problems. We...

    Authors: Iraj Mohebbi, Ebrahim Hassani, Shaker Salarilak and Abdul Rahman Bahrami

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:8

    Content type: Research

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  36. Amongst toxic heavy metals, lead ranks as one of the most serious environmental poisons all over the world. Exposure to lead in the home and the workplace results in health hazards to many adults and children ...

    Authors: D'souza Sunil Herman, Menezes Geraldine and Thuppil Venkatesh

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:7

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Polyvinyl chloride is used in production and manufacturing of many essential tools (e.g. plastic pipes, photography films, etc.). Its production is impossible without the use of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), w...

    Authors: Mir Saeed Attarchi, Omid Aminian, Mandana Dolati and Maria Mazaheri

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  38. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of cadmium exposure on Urinary N-acetyl-beta -D-glucosaminidase and its isoenzymes A and B in workers exposed at cadmium plating.

    Authors: Ravi Babu Kalahasthi, HR Rajmohan, BK Rajan and Karuna Kumar M

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:5

    Content type: Research

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  39. Many work in injury prone awkward positions that require adequate flexibility and strength in trunk stabilizer muscle groups. Performance on a functional movement screen (FMS) that assessed those factors was c...

    Authors: WF Peate, Gerry Bates, Karen Lunda, Smitha Francis and Kristen Bellamy

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:3

    Content type: Research

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  40. To analyze the relationship between exposure to chlorinated and aromatic organic solvents and malignant lymphoma in a multi-centre, population-based case-control study.

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Matthias Möhner, Jürgen Berger, Birte Mester, Evelin Deeg, Gine Elsner, Alexandra Nieters and Nikolaus Becker

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:2

    Content type: Research

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  41. Models of isolated and perfused kidneys are used to study the effects of drugs, hazardous or toxic substances on renal functions. Since physiological and morphological parameters of small laboratory animal kid...

    Authors: Volker Unger, Christian Grosse-Siestrup, Claudia Fehrenberg, Axel Fischer, Michael Meissler and David A Groneberg

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:1

    Content type: Research

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  42. Phoenix Firefighters have had abnormally high rates of tuberculin skin test (TBST) results on medical surveillance. The objectives of this study were to evaluate our firefighters using QuantiFERON-TB (QFT), co...

    Authors: James L Fleming, Timothy L England, Howard B Wernick, Steven Reinhart, John A Dominguez, Patrick L Kelley, Forrest D Gorter, Victor Papst and Alicia LaDuke

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:28

    Content type: Research

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  43. Organophosphorus (OPs) pesticides are the most commonly used pesticides in Peruvian agriculture. The population at risk for OPs exposure includes formulators, applicators and farmers. Majes Valley is the most ...

    Authors: Sandra Yucra, Kyle Steenland, Arturo Chung, Fredy Choque and Gustavo F Gonzales

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:27

    Content type: Research

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  44. Shift work exerts major influences on the physiological functions of the human body. These are primarily mediated by the disruption of circadian rhythms since most body functions are circadian rhythmic. Next t...

    Authors: Anke van Mark, Michael Spallek, Richard Kessel and Elke Brinkmann

    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:25

    Content type: Review

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