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  1. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure in a cohort consisting of male office and manual workers.

    Authors: Mats Hagberg, Lage Burström, Ronnie Lundström and Tohr Nilsson
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:13
  2. To investigate the cancer risk among residents of Rhineland-Palatinate winegrowing communities in an ecological study.

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Gaël Paul Hammer, Gabriele Husmann, Jochem König, Anne Krtschil, Irene Schmidtmann and Maria Blettner
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:12
  3. Sensitization to fish or crustaceans requires intensive skin contact and/or airway exposition and therefore especially workers in the seafood processing industry may develop an occupational seafood allergy. Ho...

    Authors: Cornelia S Seitz, Eva B Bröcker and Axel Trautmann
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:11
  4. To examine the self-reported level of work ability among female employees and the relationship between work ability and demographic characteristics, physical health, mental health, and various psychosocial and...

    Authors: Migle Gamperiene, Jan F Nygård, Inger Sandanger, Bjørn Lau and Dag Bruusgaard
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:8
  5. Sufficient levels of physical activity provide cardio-protective benefit. However within developed society sedentary work and inflexible working hours promotes physical inactivity. Consequently to ensure a hea...

    Authors: Jennifer A Hewitt, Gregory P Whyte, Michelle Moreton, Ken A van Someren and Tanya S Levine
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:7
  6. Despite the large amount of experimental studies already conducted on bronchial asthma, further insights into the molecular basics of the disease are required to establish new therapeutic approaches. As a basi...

    Authors: Julia-Annik Börger, Niko Neye, Cristian Scutaru, Carolin Kreiter, Clemens Puk, Tanja C Fischer and Beatrix Groneberg-Kloft
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S7

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  7. Asthma represents a profound worldwide public health problem. The most effective anti-asthmatic drugs currently available include inhaled β2-agonists and glucocorticoids and control asthma in about 90-95% of p...

    Authors: Gaetano Caramori, David Groneberg, Kazuhiro Ito, Paolo Casolari, Ian M Adcock and Alberto Papi
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S6

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  8. Toll-like receptors play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity and in balancing immune responses with tolerance. TLR2 is related to protection against allergies and allergic asthma by sensing patho...

    Authors: Barbara Fuchs and Armin Braun
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S5

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  9. Over the last decade mouse models of experimental asthma proved to be a valuable tool for the investigation of mechanisms that underlie acute allergic airway inflammation and development of airway hyperrespons...

    Authors: Michael Wegmann
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S4

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  10. The lung is constantly exposed to the environment and its microbial components. Infections of the respiratory tract are amongst the most common diseases. Several concepts describe how this microbial exposure i...

    Authors: Christoph Beisswenger and Robert Bals
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  11. Murine models have highlighted the importance of T-cells and TH2 cytokines in development of allergen-induced airway disease. In contrast, the role of mast cells for the development of allergic airway disease has...

    Authors: Sebastian Reuter and Christian Taube
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S2

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  12. Since 2002, a workshop entitled “Asthma in animal models” has been held once a year in Hannover, Germany. It is organized by the Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine in collaboration wi...

    Authors: Armin Braun, Thomas Tschernig and David A Groneberg
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3(Suppl 1):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 3 Supplement 1

  13. Numerous cross-sectional studies have reported reduced lung function among welders but limitations of exposure assessment and design preclude causal inference. The aim of this study was to investigate if long-...

    Authors: Sigve W Christensen, Jens Peter Bonde and Øyvind Omland
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:6
  14. Platelet activating factor and tachykinins (substance P, neurokinin A, neurokinin B) are important mediators contributing to increased airway secretion in the context of different types of respiratory diseases...

    Authors: Rene Schmidt, Petra Staats, David A Groneberg and Ulrich Wagner
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:5
  15. Significant and poorly documented electrolyte losses result from prolonged sweating. This study aimed to quantify likely sodium losses during work in heat.

    Authors: Graham P Bates and Veronica S Miller
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:4
  16. The objective of the present study is to establish an optimal cutoff point for distress measured with the corresponding scale of the 4DSQ, using the prediction of sickness absence as a criterion. The cutoff po...

    Authors: Willem van Rhenen, Frank JH van Dijk, Wilmar B Schaufeli and Roland WB Blonk
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:3
  17. It was with considerable irony that tribal leaders began a collaboration with the University of Arizona and the Arizona Department of Health Services for training in public health preparedness, as the tribes h...

    Authors: Wayne F Peate and Jennie Mullins
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:2
  18. In a previous study of computer operators we have demonstrated the relation of upper limb pain to individual and patterns of neurological findings (reduced function of muscles, sensory deviations from normal a...

    Authors: Jorgen R Jepsen and Gert Thomsen
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2008 3:1
  19. Exposure to swine barn air is an occupational hazard. Barn workers following an eight-hour work shift develop many signs of lung dysfunction including lung inflammation. However, the in situ cellular and molec...

    Authors: Lakshman Nihal Angunna Gamage, Chandrashekhar Charavaryamath, Trisha Lee Swift and Baljit Singh
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:18
  20. Nanoparticles hold tremendous potential as an effective drug delivery system. In this review we discussed recent developments in nanotechnology for drug delivery. To overcome the problems of gene and drug deli...

    Authors: Sarabjeet Singh Suri, Hicham Fenniri and Baljit Singh
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:16
  21. The textile industry is one of the largest employers in Lithuania. IARC monograph concludes that working in the textile manufacturing industry entails exposures that are possibly carcinogenic to humans. The pu...

    Authors: Irena Kuzmickiene and Mecys Stukonis
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:14
  22. We investigated the association between exposure to trichloroethylene (TCE) and mutations in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene and the subsequent risk for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

    Authors: Barbara Charbotel, Sophie Gad, Delphine Caïola, Christophe Béroud, Joelle Fevotte, Alain Bergeret, Sophie Ferlicot and Stéphane Richard
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:13
  23. Occupational physicians are very often confronted with questions as to the fitness of the postural and locomotor systems, especially the spinal column. Occupational medical assessment and advice can be require...

    Authors: Michael Spallek, Walter Kuhn, Sieglinde Schwarze and Bernd Hartmann
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:12
  24. Occupational exposures play a role in the onset of several chronic airway diseases. We investigated, in a cross-sectional study, lung function parameters and bronchial hyper-responsiveness to histamine in work...

    Authors: Farid Ould-Kadi, Tim S Nawrot, Peter H Hoet and Benoit Nemery
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:11
  25. The study aimed to i) assess nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the Female Athlete Triad (FAT) syndrome and to compare with controls; and ii) to compare nutritional knowledge of those who ...

    Authors: Philippa Raymond-Barker, Andrea Petroczi and Eleanor Quested
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:10
  26. The occurrence of occupational lung diseases is decreasing due to improvements in occupational health in recent years; however, silicosis and its complications remain important occupational health problems. We...

    Authors: Iraj Mohebbi, Ebrahim Hassani, Shaker Salarilak and Abdul Rahman Bahrami
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:8
  27. Amongst toxic heavy metals, lead ranks as one of the most serious environmental poisons all over the world. Exposure to lead in the home and the workplace results in health hazards to many adults and children ...

    Authors: D'souza Sunil Herman, Menezes Geraldine and Thuppil Venkatesh
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:7
  28. Polyvinyl chloride is used in production and manufacturing of many essential tools (e.g. plastic pipes, photography films, etc.). Its production is impossible without the use of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), w...

    Authors: Mir Saeed Attarchi, Omid Aminian, Mandana Dolati and Maria Mazaheri
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:6
  29. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of cadmium exposure on Urinary N-acetyl-beta -D-glucosaminidase and its isoenzymes A and B in workers exposed at cadmium plating.

    Authors: Ravi Babu Kalahasthi, HR Rajmohan, BK Rajan and Karuna Kumar M
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:5
  30. Many work in injury prone awkward positions that require adequate flexibility and strength in trunk stabilizer muscle groups. Performance on a functional movement screen (FMS) that assessed those factors was c...

    Authors: WF Peate, Gerry Bates, Karen Lunda, Smitha Francis and Kristen Bellamy
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:3
  31. To analyze the relationship between exposure to chlorinated and aromatic organic solvents and malignant lymphoma in a multi-centre, population-based case-control study.

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Matthias Möhner, Jürgen Berger, Birte Mester, Evelin Deeg, Gine Elsner, Alexandra Nieters and Nikolaus Becker
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:2
  32. Models of isolated and perfused kidneys are used to study the effects of drugs, hazardous or toxic substances on renal functions. Since physiological and morphological parameters of small laboratory animal kid...

    Authors: Volker Unger, Christian Grosse-Siestrup, Claudia Fehrenberg, Axel Fischer, Michael Meissler and David A Groneberg
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007 2:1
  33. Phoenix Firefighters have had abnormally high rates of tuberculin skin test (TBST) results on medical surveillance. The objectives of this study were to evaluate our firefighters using QuantiFERON-TB (QFT), co...

    Authors: James L Fleming, Timothy L England, Howard B Wernick, Steven Reinhart, John A Dominguez, Patrick L Kelley, Forrest D Gorter, Victor Papst and Alicia LaDuke
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:28
  34. Organophosphorus (OPs) pesticides are the most commonly used pesticides in Peruvian agriculture. The population at risk for OPs exposure includes formulators, applicators and farmers. Majes Valley is the most ...

    Authors: Sandra Yucra, Kyle Steenland, Arturo Chung, Fredy Choque and Gustavo F Gonzales
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:27
  35. Shift work exerts major influences on the physiological functions of the human body. These are primarily mediated by the disruption of circadian rhythms since most body functions are circadian rhythmic. Next t...

    Authors: Anke van Mark, Michael Spallek, Richard Kessel and Elke Brinkmann
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:25
  36. This study examined the association between psychosocial and organizational work conditions and mental health among women employed in the cleaning profession in Norway.

    Authors: Migle Gamperiene, Jan F Nygård, Inger Sandanger, Morten Wærsted and Dag Bruusgaard
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:24
  37. Cadmium (Cd) has been in industrial use for a long period of time. Its serious toxicity moved into scientific focus during the middle of the last century. In this review, we discuss historic and recent develop...

    Authors: Johannes Godt, Franziska Scheidig, Christian Grosse-Siestrup, Vera Esche, Paul Brandenburg, Andrea Reich and David A Groneberg
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:22
  38. This research work is dedicated to occupational health problems caused by ergonomic risks. The research object was road building industry, where workers have to work very intensively, have long work hours, are...

    Authors: Zenija Roja, Valdis Kalkis, Arved Vain, Henrijs Kalkis and Maija Eglite
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:20
  39. There are only few studies about the relationship of skin lesions and the percutaneous uptake of hazardous substances in exposed workers. Several aromatic amines are well known carcinogens for humans and/or an...

    Authors: Gintautas Korinth, Tobias Weiss, Jürgen Angerer and Hans Drexler
    Citation: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2006 1:17